The National park Adamello-Brenta is, with a area of 620.5 km², the largest of the protected areas in Trentin, and includes the mountain groups Adamellen and Brent which are separated by the Rendena valley, as well as the valleys Täler, Non, Sole and Giudicarie. The presence of more then 80 lakes makes this one of the most interesting parks in the Italian Alps. One of these lakes, the beautiful lake Lago di Tovel, takes on a red colour in the summer from the Flagellate (Dinoflagellate) algal bloom. The park is cut through by the Adamello glacier, one of the greatest in Europe.
This park has the most comprehensive range of flora and fauna in the whole of the Alps, meaning that all typical mountain species are represented here. The park is ecologically more valuable because of the presence of woods and mountain meadows, from lots of lichens, mosses and higher plant species as well as fish, birds and other animals (for example the brown bear and wild goats (Capra)) and thousand of species of insects, whose symbiosis has a important roll to play to uphold the parks ecological balance.
component that characterises the landscape of the park is definitely water, in all forms; as glaciers, springs, waterfalls, lakes or streams. The recognition of the rarity of this park has sparked a string of research efforts, which concentrate on the interactions in water habitats. Particularly with springs, which have been subjects of study since the nineties. During these investigations the collaboration of the algae and limnology departments from Trent’s Museum of Natural history has been particularly important.