Surveying Springs
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Surveying Springs

In order to give a statement about the state of a spring it must first be systematically surveyed.

Whoever is planning to carry out a survey will first have to clear a few basic questions.

When is the best time to survey springs?

ppearance of flora at spring sites will depend on altitude, but will mostly occur in early summer. In order to survey the full range of fauna species two surveys should be taken, one in spring and one in autumn.

What method should I use when surveying an area?

A basic question is also how to go about the mapping. After choosing a project there are several questions that should be at the centre of the survey. Until now different questions were asked at each site, which however makes comparison difficult later on. A method has now been developed, named the Bavarian Spring Survey Method (Bayerischen Quellerfassungsbogen- BayQEB), which can be used for spring projects of many different aims. The multiple stage, easy to understand and practical structure of this survey method means that even interested laypersons can help with spring surveying.

BASIS- This is a simple survey that can be carried by people of all knowledge levels, and should always be the foundation of any survey. It introduces the basic form of the spring and records the exact location and condition of the spring into account. DETAIL- This is a survey only to be filled out by experts in spring ecology, in this survey the details of the springs situation (the out flow, the water depth, the substrata) and the first management suggestions are recorded. Further surveys can then be taken for: Fauna, Flora and Chemistry or Physical components.

What else should I take note of?

While taking a survey of a spring you should be careful not to damage the spring or the surrounding area, for example try not to trample the area. It is best when only a few people visit a spring. With large groups, like for example school groups, should avoid visiting trampling sensitive seeping springs (Helocrene). Environmental education is best at spring streams, below the start of the spring or at less trampling sensitive flowing springs (Rheocrene).


To these read more on these subjects you can download the following PDF documents (currently only available in German):

These materials can also be ordered from the publication shop of the Bavarian department for the Environment (Landesamt für Umwelt). There is also a downloadable version available:

[ Quellerfassungsbögen ]
Forms for source capturing 131 KB
[ Kartieranleitung V2.0 ]

Mapping instruction 4.415 KB
[ Bewertungsverfahren V2.0 ]

   Evaluation procedure 582 KB
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